||Reported abundant on continental and insular shelves and upper slopes down to at least 1,200 m (Ref. 247) and recorded to as deep as 2,200 m (Ref. 55584) on theh Mid-Atlantic Ridge (Ref. 119696). Epibenthic-pelagic (Ref. 58426). In the Arctic and boreal Atlantic, it occurs inshore in the intertidal and at the surface in shallow bays and river mouths during colder months, retreating to depths of 180-550 m when the temperature rises (Ref. 247). Feeds on pelagic and bottom fishes (herring, spiny eels, Atlantic salmon, Arctic char, smelt, gadoids including cod, ling, pollock and haddock, capelin, redfish, sculpins, lumpfish, Atlantic halibut, Greenland halibut, wolf-fish, redfish (Sebastes) and skates and their egg cases (Ref. 247, 5951), marine mammals, seals (common prey and possibly taken alive) and small cetaceans (most probably mostly as carrion), sea birds, squids, crabs, amphipods, marine snails, brittle stars, sea urchins, and jellyfish. Known to voraciously devour carrion and offal from whaling, sealing and fishing operations (Ref. 247, 58240).