Ecology of Haemulon carbonarium
 
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., 1967
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Haemulon carbonarium may be found.
Remarks Occurs in clear rocky or coral reefs (Ref. 5217) and mangroves (Ref. 26340). Nocturnal feeder on crabs, gastropods, starfish and annelid worms (Ref. 5521). Mobile invertebrates feeder (Ref. 57616).

Substrate

Substrate : rocky;
Substrate Ref. Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez, 1992
Special habitats Beds: others; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref. Courtenay, W.R. and H.F. Sahlman, 1978
Associations schooling;
Associated with
Association remarks Often forming schools (Ref. 3798).
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Randall, J.E., 1967
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Randall, J.E., 1967
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.68 0.18 3.20 0.39 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Randall, J.E., 1967
From individual food items 3.50 0.51 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 04.05.95
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 07.29.08
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