Epinephelus spilotoceps was reported from 38 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 34 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 4 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 0 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Indo-West-Pacific: East coast of Africa to the Line Islands. Except for its occurrence along the African coast (Zanzibar, Tanzania to Ponta Zavora, Mozambique) it seems to be primarily an insular species, occurring at most (probably all) of the islands of tropical Indian and west-central Pacific. Not known from the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Taiwan, Japan, or Australian waters (however, it is found at Rowley Shoals off Western Australia).
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Table 1: Present in 34 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
Oceania Australia AUS native 75154
Oceania Caroline I. CRL native 5222
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 5222
Asia China CHN native 47843
Asia Christmas I. CXR native 4787
Asia Cocos Is. (Keel) CCK native 5222
Africa Comoros COM native 5222
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 4787
Oceania Fiji FJI native 85272
Asia India IND native 4787
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5222
Oceania Kiribati KIR native 4787
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Oceania Marshall Is. MHL native 4787
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
Africa Mayotte MYT native 97629
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 1602
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 5213
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 86942
Oceania Niue NIU native 5222
Oceania Palau PLW native 5222
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6192
Oceania Pitcairn PCN native 87915
Africa Réunion REU native 53568
Oceania Samoa WSM native 5222
Africa Seychelles SYC native 4787
Oceania Solomon Is. SLB native 5222
Asia Taiwan TWN native 12711
Africa Tanzania TZA native 4787
Asia Timor-Leste TLS Native 118793
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 58534
Oceania Wake I. WAK native 37816

Table 2: Possible in 4 countries/islands (stray, questionable)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Madagascar MDG questionable 33390
Asia Philippines PHL questionable 48613
Africa Rodriguez ROD questionable 3153
Africa South Africa ZAF questionable 4319

Table 4: Reported from 38 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
Oceania Australia AUS native 75154
Oceania Caroline I. CRL native 5222
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 5222
Asia China CHN native 47843
Asia Christmas I. CXR native 4787
Asia Cocos Is. (Keel) CCK native 5222
Africa Comoros COM native 5222
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 4787
Oceania Fiji FJI native 85272
Asia India IND native 4787
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5222
Oceania Kiribati KIR native 4787
Africa Madagascar MDG questionable 33390
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Oceania Marshall Is. MHL native 4787
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
Africa Mayotte MYT native 97629
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 1602
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 5213
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 86942
Oceania Niue NIU native 5222
Oceania Palau PLW native 5222
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6192
Asia Philippines PHL questionable 48613
Oceania Pitcairn PCN native 87915
Africa Réunion REU native 53568
Africa Rodriguez ROD questionable 3153
Oceania Samoa WSM native 5222
Africa Seychelles SYC native 4787
Oceania Solomon Is. SLB native 5222
Africa South Africa ZAF questionable 4319
Asia Taiwan TWN native 12711
Africa Tanzania TZA native 4787
Asia Timor-Leste TLS Native 118793
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 58534
Oceania Wake I. WAK native 37816
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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