Epinephelus areolatus was reported from 47 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 46 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 1 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 0 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and the Persian Gulf to Natal, South Africa and east to Fiji, north to Japan, south to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and northern Australia. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797). Appears to be absent from Micronesia, Polynesia, and most islands of the western Indian Ocean. Often confused with Epinephelus chlorostigma.
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Table 1: Present in 46 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 5222
Oceania Australia AUS native 6390
Asia Bahrain BHR native 5222
Asia Cambodia KHM native 5222
Asia China CHN native 5222
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 34027
Africa Djibouti DJI native 5222
Africa Egypt EGY native 5222
Africa Eritrea ERI native 5222
Oceania Fiji FJI native 5222
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5222
Asia Iran IRN native 5222
Asia Iraq IRQ native 5222
Asia Israel ISR native 5222
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Asia Jordan JOR native 5222
Africa Kenya KEN native 4787
Asia Kuwait KWT native 5222
Asia Malaysia MYS native 5222
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Africa Mayotte MYT native 97629
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 57683
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 9070
Asia Ogasawara Is. OGW native 26066
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Asia Pakistan PAK native 5222
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6192
Asia Philippines PHL native 58652
Asia Qatar QAT native 5222
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU native 5222
Africa Seychelles SYC native 4787
Asia Singapore SGP native 5222
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 4319
Asia Sri Lanka LKA native 5222
Africa Sudan SDN native 5222
Asia Taiwan TWN native 4787
Africa Tanzania TZA native 4787
Asia Thailand THA native 37773
Asia Timor-Leste TLS native 118793
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
Asia United Arab Em. ARE native 5222
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 46893
Asia Yemen YEM native 28016

Table 2: Possible in 1 country/island (stray, questionable)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Mauritius MUS questionable 58078

Table 4: Reported from 47 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 5222
Oceania Australia AUS native 6390
Asia Bahrain BHR native 5222
Asia Cambodia KHM native 5222
Asia China CHN native 5222
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 34027
Africa Djibouti DJI native 5222
Africa Egypt EGY native 5222
Africa Eritrea ERI native 5222
Oceania Fiji FJI native 5222
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5222
Asia Iran IRN native 5222
Asia Iraq IRQ native 5222
Asia Israel ISR native 5222
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Asia Jordan JOR native 5222
Africa Kenya KEN native 4787
Asia Kuwait KWT native 5222
Asia Malaysia MYS native 5222
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Africa Mauritius MUS questionable 58078
Africa Mayotte MYT native 97629
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 57683
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 9070
Asia Ogasawara Is. OGW native 26066
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Asia Pakistan PAK native 5222
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6192
Asia Philippines PHL native 58652
Asia Qatar QAT native 5222
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU native 5222
Africa Seychelles SYC native 4787
Asia Singapore SGP native 5222
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 4319
Asia Sri Lanka LKA native 5222
Africa Sudan SDN native 5222
Asia Taiwan TWN native 4787
Africa Tanzania TZA native 4787
Asia Thailand THA native 37773
Asia Timor-Leste TLS native 118793
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
Asia United Arab Em. ARE native 5222
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 46893
Asia Yemen YEM native 28016
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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