Hypophthalmichthys molitrix was reported from 81 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 62 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 0 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 19 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Asia: Native to most major Pacific dainages of East Asia from Amur to Xi Jiang, China (Ref. 59043) and Hanoi, Vietman (Ref. 120939). Introduced around the world for aquaculture and control of algal blooms. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739). Often confused with Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (Ref. 59043).
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Table 1: Present in 62 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Afghanistan AFG introduced 39701
Europe Albania ALB introduced 83428
South America Argentina ARG introduced 51923
Asia Armenia ARM introduced 41168
Asia Bangladesh BGD introduced 44085
Europe Belgium BEL introduced 1739
Asia Bhutan BTN introduced 40882
South America Brazil BRA introduced 1739
Asia Cambodia KHM introduced 58859
Asia China CHN native 41093
North America Costa Rica CRI introduced 1739
North America Cuba CUB introduced 1739
Asia Cyprus CYP introduced 1739
Europe Czechia CZE introduced 1739
North America Dominican Rp DOM introduced 1739
Africa Ethiopia ETH introduced 27123
Oceania Fiji FJI introduced 6366
Europe France FRA introduced 40476
Europe Germany DEU introduced 1739
Europe Greece GRC introduced 1739
North America Honduras HND introduced 1739
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 5258
Europe Hungary HUN introduced 1739
Asia India IND introduced 92228
Asia Iraq IRQ introduced 13686
Europe Italy ITA introduced 27118
North America Jamaica JAM introduced 26042
Asia Japan JPN introduced 559
Asia Kazakhstan KAZ introduced 683
Asia Korea (South) KOR introduced 77001
Europe Latvia LVA introduced 36252
Asia Lebanon LBN introduced 74657
Africa Mauritius MUS introduced 1739
North America Mexico MEX introduced 1739
Europe Moldova MDA introduced 683
Asia Mongolia MNG introduced 57778
Africa Morocco MAR introduced 1739
Asia Myanmar MMR introduced 58843
Asia Nepal NPL introduced 9496
Europe Netherlands NLD introduced 1739
Oceania New Zealand NZL introduced 1739
Asia Pakistan PAK introduced 52665
North America Panama PAN introduced 1739
South America Peru PER introduced 1739
Asia Philippines PHL introduced 2858
Europe Poland POL introduced 92885
North America Puerto Rico PRI introduced 6443
Europe Romania ROU introduced 1739
Europe Russia RUS native 26334
Africa Rwanda RWA introduced 1739
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU introduced 74657
Europe Serbia SRB introduced 1739
Europe Slovakia SVK introduced 90058
Africa South Africa ZAF introduced 1739
Europe Sweden SWE introduced 30402
Asia Thailand THA introduced 37773
Asia Turkey TUR introduced 74657
Asia Turkmenistan TKM introduced 30700
Europe Ukraine UKR introduced 683
North America USA USA introduced 86798
Asia Uzbekistan UZB introduced 11145
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 120939

Table 3: Absent from 19 country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Algeria DZA not established 13686
Europe Austria AUT not established 87703
Europe Bulgaria BGR not established 1739
Africa Egypt EGY not established 1739
Europe Estonia EST not established 13686
Asia Indonesia IDN not established 7050
Asia Iran IRN not established 39702
Asia Israel ISR not established 37616
Asia Jordan JOR not established 13609
Asia Laos LAO not established 43281
Africa Madagascar MDG not established 1739
Africa Malawi MWI not established 13686
Asia Malaysia MYS not established 1739
Africa Mozambique MOZ not established 13731
Asia Singapore SGP not established 6299
Asia Sri Lanka LKA not established 6028
Europe Switzerland CHE not established 13686
Asia Taiwan TWN not established 6300
Europe UK GBR not established 6375

Table 4: Reported from 81 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Afghanistan AFG introduced 39701
Europe Albania ALB introduced 83428
Africa Algeria DZA not established 13686
South America Argentina ARG introduced 51923
Asia Armenia ARM introduced 41168
Europe Austria AUT not established 87703
Asia Bangladesh BGD introduced 44085
Europe Belgium BEL introduced 1739
Asia Bhutan BTN introduced 40882
South America Brazil BRA introduced 1739
Europe Bulgaria BGR not established 1739
Asia Cambodia KHM introduced 58859
Asia China CHN native 41093
North America Costa Rica CRI introduced 1739
North America Cuba CUB introduced 1739
Asia Cyprus CYP introduced 1739
Europe Czechia CZE introduced 1739
North America Dominican Rp DOM introduced 1739
Africa Egypt EGY not established 1739
Europe Estonia EST not established 13686
Africa Ethiopia ETH introduced 27123
Oceania Fiji FJI introduced 6366
Europe France FRA introduced 40476
Europe Germany DEU introduced 1739
Europe Greece GRC introduced 1739
North America Honduras HND introduced 1739
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 5258
Europe Hungary HUN introduced 1739
Asia India IND introduced 92228
Asia Indonesia IDN not established 7050
Asia Iran IRN not established 39702
Asia Iraq IRQ introduced 13686
Asia Israel ISR not established 37616
Europe Italy ITA introduced 27118
North America Jamaica JAM introduced 26042
Asia Japan JPN introduced 559
Asia Jordan JOR not established 13609
Asia Kazakhstan KAZ introduced 683
Asia Korea (South) KOR introduced 77001
Asia Laos LAO not established 43281
Europe Latvia LVA introduced 36252
Asia Lebanon LBN introduced 74657
Africa Madagascar MDG not established 1739
Africa Malawi MWI not established 13686
Asia Malaysia MYS not established 1739
Africa Mauritius MUS introduced 1739
North America Mexico MEX introduced 1739
Europe Moldova MDA introduced 683
Asia Mongolia MNG introduced 57778
Africa Morocco MAR introduced 1739
Africa Mozambique MOZ not established 13731
Asia Myanmar MMR introduced 58843
Asia Nepal NPL introduced 9496
Europe Netherlands NLD introduced 1739
Oceania New Zealand NZL introduced 1739
Asia Pakistan PAK introduced 52665
North America Panama PAN introduced 1739
South America Peru PER introduced 1739
Asia Philippines PHL introduced 2858
Europe Poland POL introduced 92885
North America Puerto Rico PRI introduced 6443
Europe Romania ROU introduced 1739
Europe Russia RUS native 26334
Africa Rwanda RWA introduced 1739
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU introduced 74657
Europe Serbia SRB introduced 1739
Asia Singapore SGP not established 6299
Europe Slovakia SVK introduced 90058
Africa South Africa ZAF introduced 1739
Asia Sri Lanka LKA not established 6028
Europe Sweden SWE introduced 30402
Europe Switzerland CHE not established 13686
Asia Taiwan TWN not established 6300
Asia Thailand THA introduced 37773
Asia Turkey TUR introduced 74657
Asia Turkmenistan TKM introduced 30700
Europe UK GBR not established 6375
Europe Ukraine UKR introduced 683
North America USA USA introduced 86798
Asia Uzbekistan UZB introduced 11145
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 120939
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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