Sarotherodon melanotheron was reported from 22 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 20 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 0 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 2 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Africa: Lagoons and estuaries from Mauritania to Cameroon. Introduced to several countries in Asia, USA and Europe (Ref. 21). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction. Previously, three subspecies were recognized: Sarotherodon melanotheron heudelotii, Sarotherodon melanotheron leonensis and Sarotherodon melanotheron melanotheron.
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Table 1: Present in 20 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Benin BEN native 53405
Asia Cambodia KHM introduced 36654
Africa Cameroon CMR native 53405
Africa Congo COG native 88
Africa Congo Dem Rp COD native 2
Africa Cote d'Ivoire CIV native 53405
Africa Gambia GMB native 28587
Africa Ghana GHA native 53405
Africa Guinea GIN native 13331
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 13331
Oceania Hawaii HWI introduced 5360
Africa Liberia LBR native 2
Africa Mauritania MRT native 55783
Africa Nigeria NGA native 53405
Asia Philippines PHL introduced 108831
Africa Senegal SEN native 33587
Africa Sierra Leone SLE native 2
South America Suriname SUR introduced 26372
Africa Togo TGO native 13331
North America USA USA introduced 1739

Table 3: Absent from 2 country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Japan JPN not established 1739
Europe Russia RUS not established 1739

Table 4: Reported from 22 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Benin BEN native 53405
Asia Cambodia KHM introduced 36654
Africa Cameroon CMR native 53405
Africa Congo COG native 88
Africa Congo Dem Rp COD native 2
Africa Cote d'Ivoire CIV native 53405
Africa Gambia GMB native 28587
Africa Ghana GHA native 53405
Africa Guinea GIN native 13331
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 13331
Oceania Hawaii HWI introduced 5360
Asia Japan JPN not established 1739
Africa Liberia LBR native 2
Africa Mauritania MRT native 55783
Africa Nigeria NGA native 53405
Asia Philippines PHL introduced 108831
Europe Russia RUS not established 1739
Africa Senegal SEN native 33587
Africa Sierra Leone SLE native 2
South America Suriname SUR introduced 26372
Africa Togo TGO native 13331
North America USA USA introduced 1739
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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