Diodon hystrix was reported from 110 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 105 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 4 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 1 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Circumtropical. Eastern Pacific: San Diego, California, USA to Chile, including the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 37955). Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Massachusetts (USA), and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil (Ref. 7251). Eastern Atlantic: 30°N to 23°S (Ref. 6951). Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to Madagascar, Reunion and Mauritius (Ref. 33390). The reports in the Mediterranean Sea are doubtful (Ref. 50345).
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Table 1: Present in 105 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Oceania American Samoa ASM native 592
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
North America Anguilla AIA native 26938
North America Antigua Barbuda ATG native 3717
North America Aruba ABW native 3717
Africa Ascension I. ASC native 86997
Oceania Australia AUS native 1602
North America Bahamas BHS native 5521
North America Barbados BRB native 3717
North America Belize BLZ native 3717
North America Bermuda BMU native 7251
South America Brazil BRA native 36453
Africa Cape Verde CPV native 27000
North America Cayman Is. CYM native 26938
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 27307
South America Chile CHL native 9068
Asia China CHN native 57879
Asia Christmas I. CXR native 30874
Asia Cocos Is. (Keel) CCK native 9399
South America Colombia COL native 3717
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 34027
North America Costa Rica CRI native 3717
North America Cuba CUB native 54206
North America Curaçao I. CUW native 3717
North America Dominica DMA native 3717
North America Dominican Rp DOM native 3717
Oceania Easter I. EAS native 89467
South America Ecuador ECU native 40498
Africa Egypt EGY native 87788
North America El Salvador SLV native 2850
Oceania Fiji FJI native 10708
South America French Guiana GUF native 3717
Oceania French Polynesia PYF native 6784
South America Galapagos Is. GOS native 5227
North America Grenada GRD native 3717
North America Guadeloupe GLP native 26938
Oceania Guam GUM native 37816
North America Guatemala GTM native 3717
Africa Guinea GIN native 41004
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 26999
South America Guyana GUY native 3717
North America Haiti HTI native 3717
Oceania Hawaii HWI native 58302
North America Honduras HND native 3717
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5978
Asia Israel ISR native 28618
North America Jamaica JAM native 3717
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Asia Jordan JOR native 58021
Oceania Kermadec Is. KMD native 8879
Oceania Lord Howe I. LHI native 8879
Africa Madeira Is. MRA native 74541
Asia Malaysia MYS native 5756
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Oceania Marshall Is. MHL native 37816
North America Martinique MTQ native 26938
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
North America Mexico MEX native 37955
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 3807
North America Montserrat MSR native 26938
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 57683
Asia Myanmar MMR native 5736
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 11889
Oceania New Zealand NZL native 5755
North America Nicaragua NIC native 3717
Oceania Niue NIU native 3804
Oceania Norfolk I. NFK native 8881
Oceania North Marianas MNP native 37816
Asia Ogasawara Is. OGW native 26066
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Oceania Palau PLW native 37816
North America Panama PAN native 3717
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6771
South America Peru PER native 2850
Asia Philippines PHL native 280
Oceania Pitcairn PCN native 4917
North America Puerto Rico PRI native 50307
Africa Réunion REU native 53568
Oceania Samoa WSM native 592
Africa Sao Tome Princ. STP native 34088
Africa Seychelles SYC native 4423
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 4423
Europe Spain ESP native 86578
North America St Kitts Nevis KNA native 3717
North America St Lucia LCA native 3717
South America St Paul's Rocks SPR native 13121
North America St Vincent Gren. VCT native 3717
South America Suriname SUR native 3717
Asia Taiwan TWN native 5193
Africa Tanzania TZA native 51015
Asia Timor-Leste TLS Native 118793
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
South America Trind. M.Vaz Is. TRD native 40849
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 3717
North America Turks Caicos Is. TCA native 26938
North America USA USA native 7251
Oceania Vanuatu VUT native 46904
South America Venezuela VEN native 3717
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 2682
North America Virgin Is. (UK) VGB native 26938
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR native 26180
Oceania Wallis Futuna WLF native 84356

Table 2: Possible in 4 countries/islands (stray, questionable)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Europe Italy ITA questionable 13729
Africa Namibia NAM questionable 27121
Asia Thailand THA questionable 37773
Asia Turkey TUR questionable 57855

Table 3: Absent from 1 countries/islands (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Europe Greece GRC misidentification 48657

Table 4: Reported from 110 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Oceania American Samoa ASM native 592
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
North America Anguilla AIA native 26938
North America Antigua Barbuda ATG native 3717
North America Aruba ABW native 3717
Africa Ascension I. ASC native 86997
Oceania Australia AUS native 1602
North America Bahamas BHS native 5521
North America Barbados BRB native 3717
North America Belize BLZ native 3717
North America Bermuda BMU native 7251
South America Brazil BRA native 36453
Africa Cape Verde CPV native 27000
North America Cayman Is. CYM native 26938
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 27307
South America Chile CHL native 9068
Asia China CHN native 57879
Asia Christmas I. CXR native 30874
Asia Cocos Is. (Keel) CCK native 9399
South America Colombia COL native 3717
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 34027
North America Costa Rica CRI native 3717
North America Cuba CUB native 54206
North America Curaçao I. CUW native 3717
North America Dominica DMA native 3717
North America Dominican Rp DOM native 3717
Oceania Easter I. EAS native 89467
South America Ecuador ECU native 40498
Africa Egypt EGY native 87788
North America El Salvador SLV native 2850
Oceania Fiji FJI native 10708
South America French Guiana GUF native 3717
Oceania French Polynesia PYF native 6784
South America Galapagos Is. GOS native 5227
Europe Greece GRC misidentification 48657
North America Grenada GRD native 3717
North America Guadeloupe GLP native 26938
Oceania Guam GUM native 37816
North America Guatemala GTM native 3717
Africa Guinea GIN native 41004
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 26999
South America Guyana GUY native 3717
North America Haiti HTI native 3717
Oceania Hawaii HWI native 58302
North America Honduras HND native 3717
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5978
Asia Israel ISR native 28618
Europe Italy ITA questionable 13729
North America Jamaica JAM native 3717
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Asia Jordan JOR native 58021
Oceania Kermadec Is. KMD native 8879
Oceania Lord Howe I. LHI native 8879
Africa Madeira Is. MRA native 74541
Asia Malaysia MYS native 5756
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Oceania Marshall Is. MHL native 37816
North America Martinique MTQ native 26938
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
North America Mexico MEX native 37955
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 3807
North America Montserrat MSR native 26938
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 57683
Asia Myanmar MMR native 5736
Africa Namibia NAM questionable 27121
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 11889
Oceania New Zealand NZL native 5755
North America Nicaragua NIC native 3717
Oceania Niue NIU native 3804
Oceania Norfolk I. NFK native 8881
Oceania North Marianas MNP native 37816
Asia Ogasawara Is. OGW native 26066
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Oceania Palau PLW native 37816
North America Panama PAN native 3717
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6771
South America Peru PER native 2850
Asia Philippines PHL native 280
Oceania Pitcairn PCN native 4917
North America Puerto Rico PRI native 50307
Africa Réunion REU native 53568
Oceania Samoa WSM native 592
Africa Sao Tome Princ. STP native 34088
Africa Seychelles SYC native 4423
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 4423
Europe Spain ESP native 86578
North America St Kitts Nevis KNA native 3717
North America St Lucia LCA native 3717
South America St Paul's Rocks SPR native 13121
North America St Vincent Gren. VCT native 3717
South America Suriname SUR native 3717
Asia Taiwan TWN native 5193
Africa Tanzania TZA native 51015
Asia Thailand THA questionable 37773
Asia Timor-Leste TLS Native 118793
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
South America Trind. M.Vaz Is. TRD native 40849
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 3717
Asia Turkey TUR questionable 57855
North America Turks Caicos Is. TCA native 26938
North America USA USA native 7251
Oceania Vanuatu VUT native 46904
South America Venezuela VEN native 3717
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 2682
North America Virgin Is. (UK) VGB native 26938
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR native 26180
Oceania Wallis Futuna WLF native 84356
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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