Biblio Entry Summary for Cyclopterus lumpus
Citation Darwin, C.R., 1977, Early notebook, containing observations made at Edinburgh, March 1827.. p. 285-291. In P.H. Barrett (ed.) The collected papers of Charles Darwin. Vol.2. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Ref. 8965 Darwin, C.R., 1977
Page 285
Named Used as Valid Cyclopterus lumpus
Quote "Charles Darwin, as an 18-year old student of medicine at the University of Edinburgh, dissected a specimen of @Cyclopterus lumpus@ on March 16, 1827. His notes on this (Ref XXX, see below), his first known writing of a scientific character, document his keen appreciation of details, coupled with an early ability to put his observation in a general context. The note in question reads as follows: "Procured from the black rock at Lieth a large @Cyclopterus lumpus@ (common lump fish). Length from snout to tail 23 1/2 inches, girth 19 1/2. It had evidently come to the rock to spawn & was there left stranded by the tide; its ovaria contained a great mass of spawn of a rose colour. Disssected it with Dr. Grant. It appeared very free from disease & had no intestinal worms; its back however was covered with small crustaceous animals.-Eyes small. Hence probably does not inhabit deep seas? Stomach large . Liver without gall-bladder. Kidneys situated some way from the Vertebrae: an unusual fact in cartilaginous fish. Air bladder was not seen. Brain very small: the optic nerves being nearly as large as the spinal cord, neither the brain or spinal matter nearly filling its cavity. The valves in the heart were very distinct; the peduncle strong. The body was not covered with scales, but slimy & remarkably thick. The sucker on its breast was of a white colour. I believe it is generally a reddish yellow? The plebs differ whether it is edible."
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